Five Year Plans and Planning Commission (India)

The Five Year Plan was the method adopted for the planned development of India. During the initial stages of formation of the country, it was decided to follow the principle of planned economy to have a successful economic journey.  What were the objectives of the five year plans? The objective of five year plans was

Global Dimming 

Global dimming is the process which causes reduction of heat reaching the earth. Global warming is caused by greenhouse gases produced by fossil fuels. Burning of fossil fuels produce some  by-products also that lead to global dimming. Such by-products like Sulphur dioxide, soot, ash etc are the root cause of global dimming.  Global dimming is

Earthquakes and Safeguards: Everything Ought to be Known 

Earthquake is one of the most devastating natural calamities. It is also known as tremor, quake or temblor. Quake can be resulted from human activity like nuclear explosion too.  Many parts of the earth are prone to earthquake while some parts witness frequent tremors.   How does an earthquake occur?  An earthquake is the vibration

Cryo-Electron Microscopy: Advanced Version of Microscopy

Cryo-Electron Microscopy (Cryo-EM) is an advanced form of microscopy that allows observation of tiny specimens in their natural environment.  It is also known as electron cryomicroscopy. It is an advanced version of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). What is microscopy? Microscopy is the study of tiny objects and specimens that cannot be seen with the naked

Intelligent and Clever Animals and Birds

There are many stories and cartoons in all languages depicting animals and birds as intelligent and clever characters. Fox is often portrayed as an intelligent animal. Among birds, crow occupies the position with   thirsty crow being the classic example for intelligence.  But scientists say ants, elephant, octopus, chimpanzees, dolphins, rats and pigs are more