Suppose a criminal commits a crime and flees the country. According to the International Law, police of one country cannot enter the territory of another country to apprehend a criminal. How will then the police of the country track the criminal? They seek the help of INTERPOL. It is the network of police from 190 countries all over the world. The word INTERPOL is derived from two words 'International' and 'Police'. Its headquarters is situated in Lyon,France. It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923 and adopted its telegraphic address as its common name in 1956.
Logo of the International Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL. Interpol headquarters in Lyon.
INTERPOL's job is to help police in different countries work together to solve crimes that cross borders. Every member country has their own INTERPOL office, called a National Central Bureau (NCB), which connects that country's police force with the other members. They share information with each other and have access to a variety of high-tech tools and resources. INTERPOL staff are a mix of police officers and civilians. Police Officers are usually loaned by their home countries for a few years. In total there can be a total of 650 people from upto 90 countries working at any time at the INTERPOL General Secretariat,its Regional Bureaus and Laison offices.
INTERPOL makes use of the most modern scientific means to catch the criminals. To trace and arrest criminals is the only function of this organisation. It cannot be used for any political, military or religious activity.