What are the major applications of resin?« Back to Questions List

Resin by definition is a solid or highly viscous substance. These viscous substances are organic compounds and can easily be converted into polymers. Resins are of two types; Natural (plant origin) and synthetic.  

Resins of plant origination include amber, balsam, dammar gum, kauri gum, mastic, myrrh and turpentine. Asphaltite, amino, casein, epoxy and utah are examples of synthetic resins. Plant resins are often used for manufacture of synthetic resins. Similarly, majority of synthetic resins are produced from petroleum, the ultimate origin of which also is trees. 

Plant resins are used
•    For production of adhesives and varnishes (copals, mastic,sandarac)
•    In food glazing agents ( resine from Aleppo pine)
•    As raw material for synthesis of other organic compounds
•    As constituents of perfume and incense (elemi, turpentine)
•    For therapeutic purposes( myrrh, gamboge) 

By conversion of synthetic resins to solid form, many materials are produced. Bisphenol and silicones are examples of such resins. Synthetic form is used for industrial purposes, manufacturing of furniture etc.

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Synthetic resins are used 

•    For epoxy coating and laminations used for various projects and purposes
•    For compression molding
•    As resin castings
•    For infusion purposes
•    In emulsion polymers and polysters
•    Manufacture of car bodies, toys,luggages
•    For manufacture of synthetic rubbers water soluble polymers

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